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Expert(s) for : history
- Ottoman and colonial history in the Arab world
- Reforms, Arab Renaissance, public space
- 18th century
- 20th century
My research interests concern the processes of reform and centralization in the Arab provinces of the Ottoman Empire throughout the 19th century (Egypt, Syria, Iraq, North Africa), from a cultural and social perspective. The central role of the press and associations in the emergence of a public space during the Arab Renaissance and the issues of education and citizenship in the colonial and post-colonial periods are central to my research.
At the same time, my work bears on the symmetrical processes of professionalization and the popularization of Islamic expertise in the 20th century. More specifically, I am interested in the institutional and curricular development of mosque-universities such as al-Azhar, Zaytuna and Qarawiyyin, from the 18th century until their nationalization in the 1960s, and also in the legacies and uses of Islamic historiography, philosophy and law in the contemporary period, particularly in nationalism and Islamism.
My current research aims to contribute to the cultural history of Arab nationalism and to define its key institutions: volunteer associations and secret societies; scouting movements; school textbooks.
- Social history of Quebec
- Quebec unionism
- Management associations
- Quebec historiography
- 19th century
- 20th century
My research interests concern the social groups that make up Quebec society, in particular through the study of the history of management and that of workers. I am also interested in the historians, most of them little known, who are part of the liberal approach to interpreting Quebec history.
More specifically, I am currently writing a book on the ideology that inspired the Conseil des métiers et du travail de Montréal from 1897 to 1930. Its demands on all three levels of government show that it launched the social-democratic "social project" in Quebec and had a significant influence on the Quebec government.